2008 Immunization Schedule for Infants Released
Every parent knows that babies and children, and even some teenagers must have certain vaccinations to protect against some childhood diseases. The following article will look at the various vaccinations and when they should be administered.
- Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccine is given as a series of three shots. The first shot is generally given at birth, but is one of those that may be given at any time if it was not given at birth. This offers protection from the dangerous Hepatitis B virus. This virus causes liver damage and can eventually result in the death of the affected person.
1 to 4 months old:
- Hepatitis B vaccine (second dose) The second dose of the Hep B vaccine is normally given between 1 to 4 months after the first dose.
- Pneumococcal5 or PCV At two-months old the infant is generally given the first of four injections which protects them against the dangerous pneumococcal infections. These infections tend to affect children younger than two.
- Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis3 – Also known as DTaP, this is a series of five injections that is given starting at 2 months old. The last shot is normally given when the child is between 4 to 6 years old. A booster shot, called Tdap is also given when a child is between 11 and 12 years old. These vaccines protect against serious throat infections (diphtheria), lockjaw (tetanus) which can cause severe nerve damage due to a wound becoming infected, and whooping cough (pertussis).
- Haemophilus influenzae type b4 (Hib) – Also known as Hib, this vaccine is first given at 2 months old with follow-up injections given at ages 4 and 6 months old. Some children do not need the 4 to 6 months shot if they received PedvaxHIB or ComVax vaccines.
- Inactivated Poliovirus or IVP – This is another important vaccine that is generally first administered at 2 months old.
- Rotavirus – The RV vaccine is given in three dosages to offer protection against gastroenteritis which can result in severe diarrhea and vomiting.
3 to 4 months:
- Rotavirus or RV (Second dose) Inactivated Poliovirus or IVP (second dose)
- Pneumococcal5 or PCV (second dose)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b4 or Hib (Second dose)
- Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis3 (Second dose)
- Influenza – The flu shot is normally given anywhere starting at 6 months old and should be given yearly thereafter.
- Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis3 or DTaP (Third shot)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b4 Hib (Third shot)
- Pneumococcal5 or PCV (third dosage)
- Rotavirus or RV (Third and final injection)
- Influenza (First of annual shots)
- Inactivated Poliovirus or IVP (third injection)
- Hepatitis B vaccine (final of three dosages)
- 12 ? 15 months:
- Measles/Mumps/Rubella7 (MMR) (First dose) – Children are given this injection to protect them against measles, mumps and rubella or German measles between 12 and 15 months old.
- Varicella8 The chickenpox shot like the MMR is given between ages 12 and 15 months. Pneumococcal5 or PCV (fourth and final dose)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b4 or Hib (Final dosage)
- Hep A (2 doses)
- Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis3 (Fourth dose)
4-6 years old:
- Meningococcal or MCV ? only recommended for children who are at high-risk for the disease.
- Varicella (Second and final dosage)
- Measles/Mumps/Rubella7 (MMR) (Final dose ? although given at this time, it can be given earlier once 28 days has passed since getting the first dose.)
- Inactivated Poliovirus or IVP (Final shot)
- Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis3 (Fifth and final shot ? a booster shot is given at 11 or 12 years old).
These vaccines are important to help protect babies and children from many preventable diseases and infections. In addition to the vaccines for young children listed above, it is important to remember that children older than 6 and college students (especially those boarding in dorms) have additional vaccines that they should get as well.